Participants

Participants

Topic Leader

Leonardo

 

Leonardo is one of the world’s major players in Aerospace, Defence and Security, a global solutions provider and a trusted long-term partner of choice for governments, institutions and business customers. It delivers cutting-edge and dual-use technologies, meeting both military and civil requirements. In partnership with our customers, Leonardo works to strengthen global security, protect people, territories, infrastructure and cyber networks. It guarantees the safe management of air, sea and urban spaces, as well as largescale events. It has a solid industrial legacy, strengthened by the expertise of its people and the continuous pursuit of innovation in its core technologies. Underpinned by a sustainable business model, Leonardo is pursuing a path of long-term growth that will create value for all its stakeholders.

Certification Authority

European Union Aviation Safety Agency  (EASA)

 

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is the centrepiece of the European Union’s strategy for aviation safety. EASA’s mission is to promote and achieve the highest common standards of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation. Based in Cologne, the Agency employs experts and administrators from all over Europe.

EASA’s Basic Regulation permits the Agency to launch and finance research projects within its competence, which includes safety, security, environmental protection and health.

With consideration to the pace of technological developments and changes to business models within aviation, EASA research activities need to expand beyond the Agency’s internal needs and resources.

Safety, security, environmental protection and health topics are key cross-cutting issues to be tackled as early as possible within research activities and need to be addressed in a coordinated manner with the commensurate involvement of the regulators.

Coordinator

Politecnico di Milano

 

Established in 1863, Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) is among the leading scientific and technological universities in Europe and it is the largest Technical University in Italy for Engineering, Architecture and Industrial Design. Its premises are spread over 7 campuses for better interaction with local communities and private companies. According to QS Ranking 2015, Politecnico holds the 22nd position in the world, the 8th in Europe and the 1st in Italy in the fields of Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering.

 

The Department of Aerospace Science and Technology (POLIMI-DAER) conducts research in a wide range of topics within the aerospace sciences, including rotorcraft, fixed wing aircraft, and space-related applications. The Department has 46 faculty members and about as many post-doc and PhD students, in addition to more than 20 technicians in support of several research laboratories.

 

It offers Bachelor, Master and PhD courses in Aerospace (BSc, PhD), Aeronautical and Space Engineering (MS). The Department has state-of-the-art computational and experimental facilities, which include, among others, laboratories for structural dynamics, smart and composite materials, material characterization, crashworthiness, real-time simulation, combustion and aerodynamics, with the largest wind tunnel in Italy. DAER specifically focuses on helicopters and tiltrotor aircraft and systems numerical modelling and analysis, simulation, technology development and testing. This research field represents a consolidated asset for POLIMI-DAER, which has produced a long- standing collaboration with world-class helicopter companies and research centers.

 

The Rotorcraft Research Laboratories (RRL) of the DAER are highly specialized, agile and vital competence centers. They are the latter product of a long-standing tradition at DAER, where specific competences on the diverse aspects that characterize these vehicles have been constantly developed and cultivated through the years. POLIMI is developer of MBDyn a multibody free software used for more than 20 years for rotorcraft aeromechanics simulation. This software has been used for the analysis of complex aeroservoelastic phenomena of helicopters, and tiltrotors both at full scale and wind-tunnel model scale. Currently MBDyn is used as one of the simulation engines for the DAER rotorcraft flight simulator.

 

POLIMI is developer of MASST (Modern AeroServoelastic State-space Tool) a suite for the analysis of helicopter and tiltrotor aeromechanic and aero-servoelastic problems, currently in use in LH. POLIMI possess a test rig for rotor models that has been used in the Large Wind Tunnel for tests of rotor-wing aerodynamic interference with a tilt rotor half-model, in several EU Project. The availability of a large test chamber of LWT (14×4 m) allowed the possibility to perform test of helicopter models close flying close to obstacles. The Rotorcraft Research Laboratories (RRL) of the DAER are highly specialized, agile and vital competence centers. They are the latter product of a long-standing tradition at DAER, where specific competences on the diverse aspects that characterize these vehicles have been constantly developed and cultivated through the years. POLIMI is developer of MBDyn a multibody free software used for more than 20 years for rotorcraft aeromechanics simulation. This software has been used for the analysis of complex aeroservoelastic phenomena of helicopters, and tiltrotors both at full scale and wind-tunnel model scale. Currently MBDyn is used as one of the simulation engines for the DAER rotorcraft flight simulator. POLIMI is developer of MASST (Modern AeroServoelastic State-space Tool) a suite for the analysis of helicopter and tiltrotor aeromechanic and aero-servoelastic problems, currently in use in LH. POLIMI possess a test rig for rotor models that has been used in the Large Wind Tunnel for tests of rotor-wing aerodynamic interference with a tilt rotor half-model, in several EU Project. The availability of a large test chamber of LWT (14×4 m) allowed the possibility to perform test of helicopter models close flying close to obstacles.

Partners

DLR_Signet_schwarz

Deutsches Zentrum Fuer Luft – Und Raumfahrt Ev (DLR)

 

DLR (english: German Aerospace Center) is the national aeronautics and space research centre of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its extensive research and development work in aeronautics, space, energy, transport and security is integrated into national and international cooperative ventures. In addition to its own research, as Germany’s space agency, DLR has been given responsibility by the federal government for the planning and implementation of the German space programme.

DLR is also the umbrella organisation for the nation’s largest project execution organisation. DLR has approximately 8000 employees in 14 Institutes at 20 locations in Germany, the headquarters located in Cologne.

 

DLR also has offices in Brussels, Paris, Tokyo and Washington D.C. The Rotorcraft Department, within the Institute of Flight Systems conducts a wide range of experimental research and development in the fields of flight mechanics, flight and rotor dynamics, handling qualities, flight testing and flight simulation. To enable this research effort, the Institute of Flight Systems conducts research using several DLR experimental facilities, including the only civilian experimental research helicopter in Europe (the ACT/FHS), a rotor test rig, and the Air Vehicle Simulator (AVES) facility. AVES features two high-fidelity cockpits; one aircraft and one helicopter. AVES is designed as a modular, flexible platform using the latest technologies for a comprehensive exploration of flight and flight systems. The facility is also used as a test bed for research of flight systems to be used in flight testing, and has model-in-the-loop, software-in-the-loop, and hardware-in-the-loop capabilities.

 

DLR has a strong relationship with universities, other research organisations and industry partners. Operation of a fleet of experimental aircraft requires constant collaboration with both industry partners and suppliers, as well as relevant certification authorities. DLR Institute of Flight Systems maintains strong links to university through academic involvement of scientific research staff and through PhD programs run in collaboration with Technical University Braunschweig. A wide range of H2020 EU projects are currently being undertaken in the Institute. DLR is involved in a number of GARTEUR and NATO research groups concerning flight simulation, supporting collaboration between European and Worldwide partners.

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GIEI srl

 

GIEI srl was founded in October 10th 2016, from the merger of two societies ASED and XESA SYSTEMS with the historical brand RGM IMPIANTI. GIEI headquarter and manufacturing plant are based in Cremona, reliability and efficiency together with a great experience in this field are those always known but validated by the force of three brands that propose to market in a strong sinergy among them. All clients can take prompt advantage of this process both in terms of technical know-how and from the point of view of proposed solutions, now complete at every effect, integrated and studied to satisfy every specific need.

 

GIEI company is able to ensure engineering, design, consultancy, and realization of complete industrial solutions of electrical panels, industrial automation, solutions involved in steel tube finishing and packaging processes, design and development of full motion simulators and dynamic simulation technology. GIEI’s motion platforms, full-motion simulators, and specific design components, such as force feedback controls, suitable for the Marine, Aviation and Automotive simulation technology, are made to recreate the best and most realistic motion sensations.

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Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU)

 

Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) was founded in 1823 in Liverpool that was to revolutionise education and provided opportunities for the working people of the city. Today, with a vibrant community of 25,000 students from over 100 countries world-wide, 2,500 staff and 250 degree courses, LJMU is one of the largest, most dynamic and forward-thinking universities in the UK.

The Department of Maritime and Mechanical Engineering opened England’s first Mechanics’ Institute in Liverpool, teaching mechanics, arithmetic and engineering draftsmanship in 1823 and England’s first Nautical College in 1892. The Department conducts world-leading maritime and engineering research.

 

The research groups in the department have made major contributions to safe vehicle operations, energy efficiency, efficient vehicle operations and logistics, engineering and systems design, with a portfolio more than 10 EC Framework projects over the period 2010–17 (e.g., INTERREG (2018-21), H2020 RISE (2016-20), RESET (2017-21), H2020 GOLF (2018-21), EU FP7 Marie Curie IRSES (2013-17), ARCWIND Project (2017-20) etc). The relevant facilities available comprises two simulators comprising two 360° full-mission bridge and eight 270° bridges, respectively. The facility also has an engine room simulator and a PC-based simulation laboratory for maritime programmes. As one of only six UK universities with a dedicated maritime focus, the maritime and simulator facility has created a world-class platform for maritime education, knowledge transfer and industry engagement. 98% of the research submitted by the Department in the latest research assessment was considered world leading, of international importance or recognised internationally (Research Excellence Framework 2014). The major role of the LJMU in this call aims to develop a toolkit for enhancement of predictive fidelity for simulator certification and acceptance. A novel systematic approach will be implemented for improving the remaining 20% fidelity but critical for acceptance that requires tuning after extensively physical modelling.

 

The accomplishmentof this task requires substantial skills and capabilities in the rotorcraft field. As a new player in this field, LJMU has invested significantly to strengthen this area through purchasing a new helicopter flight simulator, advanced aircraft modelling and simulation software (e.g., FLIGHTLAB), and recruiting new staffs who have strong background in this field. The purchased FLIGHTLAB software is a state-of-the-art, finite element, component based, selective fidelity modelling and analysis software package. It supports modelling and simulation of rotorcraft, fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, multi-copters, drones, flying cars and experimental aircraft configurations. The newly purchased helicopter simulator is able to perform pilot-in-the-loop simulation by linking database to FLIGHTLAB (modelling tool) and XPLANE (Visual database).

 

Besides, the newly recruited staffs have considerable experience in the rotary-wing modelling and simulation field. For example, Dr Linghai Lu, the key investigator for the proposed task, has more than 15-year research experience in the rotorcraft field and around 10-year first-hand practical operation and simulation experiment setup experience on commercial high-fidelity 6DOF full motion simulators. He has necessary skills and knowledge associated with the simulator fidelity required by the call, such as rotorcraft certification, rotorcraft physics-based modelling (he developed aeroelastic Puma and Bo105 models for EU FP7 ARISTOTEL project), rotorcraft off-line and pilot-in-the-loop simulation (more than 10 years operation experience on the University of Liverpool’s HELIFLIGHT-R and a few months on TUD Delft’s SIMONA), flight simulation technologies (responsible for amount of test campaigns for EU and EPSRC funded projects), flight simulator software and hardware design, integration and installation. The detailed introduction of the investigator will be given in the next section. Finally, as stated above, the department has successfully delivered more 10 EU funded projects in the past 8 years and worked more than 5 projects among them as the leading organisation. This demonstrates that we have the sufficient capability for project management at international level.

NLR_Logo_1000px

Stichting Nationaal Lucht – En Ruimtevaartlaboratorium (NLR)

 

The Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR) (former company name: National Aerospace Laboratory) is an independent non-profit organisation that provides technological support to aerospace industries, to operators of civil and military aircraft, airports and ATC systems, to authorities, and to international organisations all over the world. NLR is a customer-oriented research organisation, working under national and international contracts in projects concerning aircraft development, aircraft operations, and space technology.

 

NLR realizes an annual turnover of approximately 75 million euro. NLR employs a staff of about 700 in two main establishments; one in Amsterdam and one in Flevoland. Over two-thirds of the staff graduated from universities or technical colleges. NLR is the key knowledge enterprise for aerospace technology in the Netherlands. For more than ninety years the mission of NLR has been to ensure greater sustainability, safety and efficiency through innovation in aerospace technologies and applications.

 

The Helicopter & Aeroacoustics department of NLR has developed and maintains high-fidelity FLIGHTLAB simulation models of all rotorcraft operated by the Netherlands Ministry of Defence (MoD) since 1999. These models are employed for research purposes in National Technology Programs financed by the MoD, but also to assist operational and maintenance activities. NLR frequently exploits FLIGHTLAB in European research programs where the emphasis may be on flight dynamics, or high-fidelity analysis of the rotorcraft aeromechanics. NLR is also frequently contracted by national and foreign industry to develop FLIGHTLAB models of existing and concept rotorcraft to support design and industry research activities. NLR has provided customized FLIGHTLAB trainings and workshops for industry as well. As one of the first FLIGHTLAB license owners in Europe, NLR has gained a reputation as one of the most advances users of the program.

 

NLR maintains a close relationship with the international rotorcraft industry, with a comparatively large number of projects aimed at the highest TRL levels. This is exemplified by the fact that NLR is accredited by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) as ‘Qualified Entity’. Through this accreditation, specially selected experts of NLR may perform complete certification projects on behalf of EASA and may advise the Agency on specialised certification issues. NLR Compliance Verification Engineers (CVE) also support the Netherlands MoD in the acceptance and military qualification of its aircraft, and in establishing Flight Simulation qualification requirements and guidance.

 

Within the Qualified Entity accreditation, NLR also performs evaluations ofFlight Simulation Training Device (FSTD) as an EASA service provider with a team consisting of technical inspectors and flight inspectors. The team evaluates approximately forty FSTDs annually worldwide on behalf of EASA, ranging from Flight and Navigation Procedures Trainer (FNPT) recurrent evaluations, up to Level-D Full Flight Simulator (FFS) initial evaluations. In the field of flight simulator research, the Training & Simulation department of NLR has been involved with Head-Mounted-Display’s (HMD’s) research since the nineties (nowadays also referred as virtual reality & augmented reality). The department is currently developing a new low-cost mixed reality cockpit solution. Using virtual reality, sensors, and 3D printing of a cockpit, the user can interact with the virtual and physical world at the same time. This results in a high fidelity, low footprint simulation with natural interaction.

The University of Liverpool (LIV)

 

The University of Liverpool is a public university based in the city of Liverpool, England. Founded as a college in 1881, it gained its royal charter in 1903 with the ability to award degrees and is also known to be one of the six original “red brick” civic universities. It comprises three faculties organised into 35 departments and schools. It is a founding member of the Russell Group, the N8 Group for research collaboration and the University Management school is AACSB accredited.

 

Nine Nobel Prize winners are amongst its alumni and past faculty and the university offers more than 230 first degree courses across 103 subjects. It was the world’s first university to establish departments in Oceanography, civic design, architecture, and biochemistry at the Johnston Laboratories. In 2006 the university became the first in the UK to establish an independent university in China, Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, making it the world’s first Sino-British university. For 2016-17, Liverpool had a turnover of £521.8 million, including £94.5 million from research grants and contracts. It has the fifth largest endowment of any university in England.

The university is ranked in the top 1% of universities worldwide according to Academic ranking of world universities and has previously been ranked within the top 150 university globally by the guide. It also is a founding member of the Russell Group and a founding member of the Northern Consortium. The university is a research-based university with 33,000 students pursuing over 450 programmes spanning 54 subject areas. It has a broad range of teaching and research in both arts and sciences, and the University of Liverpool School of Medicine established in 1835 is today one of the largest medical schools in the UK. The Flight Science and Technology (FS&T) research group within the School of Engineering at the University of Liverpool has a group culture based on deepknowledge and expert skills in the aeronautical disciplines of flight dynamics, control, simulation, computational aerodynamics, aeroelasticity and handling qualities.

 

FST’s research benefits from a high level of collaboration with world-leading academics and industrialists across the world. Our network of collaborators includes researchers at TU Delft, NLR(The Netherlands), POLIMI (Italy), Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, DLR, (Germany), Georgia Tech, NASA Ames (USA), ONERA, Thales, Airbus Helicopters (France), BAE Systems, GE Dowty, CAA, Sgurr Energy (UK), DSTG (Australia) and NRC, CAE (Canada). FS&T is uniquely positioned within academia to address questions relating to pilot-vehicle technologies, flight control, flight handling qualities, non-linear aerodynamics and, most generally, aircraft design through modelling, real-time flight simulation and high performance Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for fixed and rotary wing aircraft. Highlights include over a decade of continuous funding, about £15 million to date, to support development of the European Civil Tilt Rotor, first flight test of an Hinf controller on a hingeless helicopter rotor, major influence on rotor design at Leonardo Helicopters (AgustaWestland) through CFD predictions and aircraft clearance activities including support to BAE Systems for the F-35B First of Class Flight Trials to the Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier.

 

FS&T specified, developed and operates two motion flight simulators and is the UK lead for rotorcraft flight simulation research. The flight simulation facilities are used for a range of pilot-centred research, enabling visual perception and pilot vision aids design studies to be undertaken, as well as research in the areas of simulation fidelity, helicopter operations in harsh environments, e.g. helicopter-ship research, aircraft pilot couplings, active control technologies for handling qualities, envelope protection, carefree handling and structural load alleviation of rotary wing and tilt rotor aircraft. FS&T participates in multiple international working groups run by GARTEUR, NATO and NASA, and has contributed to 6 European Commission Framework projects, involving close collaboration with European Industry and the European research laboratories – DLR, CIRA, ONERA and NLR. The Group is represented on the International Helicopter Safety Team, the American Helicopter Society’s Flight Simulation, Handling Qualities and Safety Committees together with the Royal Aeronautical Society’s Flight Simulation and Rotorcraft specialist groups. FS&T is recognised internationally as leading rotorcraft flight simulation fidelity research. In partnership with the Nation Research Council of Canada’s Flight Research Laboratory, FS&T has conducted and will conduct future flight trials using NRC’s Bell 412 Advanced Systems Research Aircraft (ASRA), in support of the development of new rotorcraft simulation fidelity metrics. The research has already developed a new Simulation Fidelity Rating scale, which has been used internationally, together with objective metrics for fidelity assessments.

Linked Third Party

Fondazione Politecnico di Milano (FPM)

 

Fondazione Politecnico di Milano was established in 2003 on the behest of Politecnico di Milano, Milan’s main institutions and the regional government of

Lombardy, with the support of several important business companies.

The Foundation contributes towards innovating and developing Italy’s economic and productive landscape, operating to improve the efficiency of relationships between Politecnico di Milano and companies, institutions and public authorities, by providing professional support, including on an international scale, to research, education and Politecnico di Milano’s third mission.

To fulfil its mission, Fondazione Politecnico di Milano intends to:

  • Manage, in agreement and on behalf of Politecnico di Milano, investments in companies, bodies and institutions, in Italy and internationally, whose work is consistent with the Foundation’s mission and which are, more generally, instrumental for achieving the mission of Politecnico di Milano;
  • Set in place suitable and dedicated professional overseeing bodies to support development, management and improvement in research, education and the third mission, including in an international context, in harmony with the strategic and organizational development lines of Politecnico di Milano;
  • Ensure a multi-disciplinary focus in all its work, especially at international level, on the topics of ethics, sustainability and social responsibility;
  • Encourage the creation and growth of innovative technological enterprises.